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Hajj and Umrah

The remaining actions of the Fitrah

From the actions of the fitrah mentioned in the hadith recorded by Muslim, the topics of trimming the moustache, nails and using the siwaak have been covered in some detail.

"Ten things are from the fitrah: trimming the mustache, growing the beard, the miswak (toothstick), inhalation of water, trimming the nails, washing between the finger joints, plucking the armpit hairs, shaving the pubic hair and washing the private parts" (One of the narrators could not remember the tenth but thought it was washing the inside of the mouth)

(Muslim from 'Aaishah)

"The fitrah are five or five are from the fitrah, circumcision, using iron (blade for removing the pubic hair), trimming the mustache, plucking the armpit hair, and cutting the nails”

(Bukhari from Abu Hurayrah)

The remaining actions of the fitrah mentioned in these hadith do not need to be explained in detail and some will be mentioned again where relevant. For example, rinsing of the mouth and inhalation of water in the nose will be mentioned again in connection with wudhu.

Note that 'using iron' is a metaphorical way of saying removing the pubic hair and can be considered an example of how such a thing can be mentioned whilst observing modesty/shyness.

Leaving/growing the beard

In some narrations, the prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said 'leave' and in other narrations, 'grow':

“Be different from the mushrikeen: grow your beards and trim your moustaches.”

(Bukhari from ibn 'Umar)

“Trim your moustaches and leave your beards.”

(Muslim from ibn 'Umar)

This is why some scholars said: "don't touch them, just leave them to grow". Therefore, it is considered an obligation to grow the beard.

Washing the knuckles/joints

This includes both the joints of the fingers and toes. This is where dirt collects and washing should be done. The scholars made several comments concerning this including that before Islam, the arabs would not bother to wash them.

It is important to wash both the hands and mouth after eating as the shaytaan may cause harm by licking it afterwards. It is also from the manners of sleeping to wash and after sleeping.

Removing the armpit hairs

It is recommended that this be done every Friday and should not be left for more than forty days:

"A time limit has been prescribed for us for clipping the moustache, cutting the nails, plucking hair under the armpits, shaving the pubes, that it should not be neglected far more than forty nights."

(Muslim from Anas ibn Maalik)

Shaving of the pubic hairs

The hadith of Muslim can be considered an explanation of the hadith of Bukhari in that shaving the pubic hairs is mentioned metaphorically in the latter and explicitly in the former.

Washing after relieving one's self

This is known as al istinjaa and will be discussed along with the ettiquettes to be observed in the bathroom