O Prophet (Muhammad )!
Keep your duty to All‚h, and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites
(i.e., do not follow their advices). Verily! All‚h is Ever All≠Knower, All≠Wise.
And follow that which is inspired in you from your Lord. Verily, All‚h
is Well≠Acquainted with what you do.
And put your trust in All‚h, and Sufficient is All‚h as a WakÓl
(Trustee, or Disposer of affairs).
All‚h has not put for any man two hearts inside his body. Neither has
He made your wives whom you declare to be like your mothers' backs, your real
mothers. [Az≠Zih‚r is the saying of a husband to his wife, "You
are to me like the back of my mother" i.e. You are unlawful for me to
approach.], nor has He made your adopted sons your real sons. That is but
your saying with your mouths. But All‚h says the truth, and He guides to the
Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more
just with All‚h. But if you know not their father's (names, call them) your
brothers in faith and Maw‚lÓkum (your freed slaves). And there is no
sin on you if you make a mistake therein, except in regard to what your hearts
deliberately intend. And All‚h is Ever Oft≠Forgiving, Most Merciful.
The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves, and his wives
are their (believers') mothers (as regards respect and marriage). And blood
relations among each other have closer personal ties in the Decree of All‚h
(regarding inheritance) than (the brotherhood of) the believers and the MuhajirŻn
(emigrants from Makkah, etc.), except that you do kindness to those brothers
(when the Prophet
joined them in brotherhood ties). This has been written in the (All‚h's Book
of Divine) Decrees (Al≠Lauh Al≠MahfŻz)."
And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from
you (O Muhammad ),
and from NŻh (Noah), Ibr‚him (Abraham), MŻsa (Moses), and 'Iesa (Jesus), son
of Maryam (Mary). We took from them a strong covenant.
That He may ask the truthfuls (All‚h's Messengers and His Prophets) about
their truth (i.e. the conveyance of All‚h's Message that which they were charged
with). And He has prepared for the disbelievers a painful torment (Hell-fire).
O you who believe! Remember All‚h's Favour to you, when there came against
you hosts, and We sent against them a wind and forces that you saw not [i.e.
troops of angels during the battle of Al≠Ahz‚b (the Confederates)].
And All‚h is Ever All≠Seer of what you do.
When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the
eyes grew wild and the hearts reached to the throats, and you were harbouring
doubts about All‚h.
There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.
And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease (of doubts)
said: "All‚h and His Messenger ()
promised us nothing but delusions!"
And when a party of them said: "O people of Yathrib (Al≠Madinah)!
There is no stand (possible) for you (against the enemy attack!) Therefore
go back!" And a band of them ask for permission of the Prophet (
saying: "Truly, our homes lie open (to the enemy)." And they lay
not open. They but wished to flee.
And if the enemy had entered from all sides (of the city), and they had
been exhorted to Al≠Fitnah (i.e. to renegade from Isl‚m to polytheism)
they would surely have committed it and would have hesitated thereupon but
And indeed they had already made a covenant with All‚h not to turn their
backs, and a covenant with All‚h must be answered for.
Say (O Muhammad
to these hypocrites who ask your permission to run away from you): "Flight
will not avail you if you flee from death or killing, and then you will enjoy
no more than a little while!"
Say: "Who is he who can protect you from All‚h if He intends to harm
you, or intends mercy on you?" And they will not find, besides All‚h,
for themselves any WalÓ (protector, supporter, etc.) or any helper.
All‚h already knows those among you who keep back (men) from fighting
in All‚h's Cause, and those who say to their brethren "Come here towards
us," while they (themselves) come not to the battle except a little.
Being miserly towards you (as regards help and aid in All‚h's Cause).
Then when fear comes, you will see them looking to you, their eyes revolving
like (those of) one over whom hovers death, but when the fear departs, they
will smite you with sharp tongues, miserly towards (spending anything in any)
good (and only covetous of booty and wealth). Such have not believed. Therefore
All‚h makes their deeds fruitless, and that is ever easy for All‚h.
They think that Al≠Ahz‚b (the Confederates) have not yet withdrawn,
and if Al≠Ahz‚b (the Confederates) should come (again), they would
wish they were in the deserts (wandering) among the bedouins, seeking news
about you (from a far place); and if they (happen) to be among you, they would
not fight but little.
Indeed in the Messenger of All‚h (Muhammad )
you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with)
All‚h and the Last Day and remembers All‚h much.
And when the believers saw Al≠Ahz‚b (the Confederates), they said:
"This is what All‚h and His Messenger (Muhammad
had promised us, and All‚h and His Messenger (Muhammad
had spoken the truth, and it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness
Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with
All‚h [i.e. they have gone out for Jih‚d (holy fighting), and showed
not their backs to the disbelievers], of them some have fulfilled their obligations
(i.e. have been martyred), and some of them are still waiting, but they have
never changed [i.e.they never proved treacherous to their covenant which they
concluded with All‚h] in the least.
That All‚h may reward the men of truth for their truth (i.e. for their
patience at the accomplishment of that which they covenanted with All‚h),
and punish the hypocrites if He will or accept their repentance by turning
to them in Mercy. Verily, All‚h is Oft≠Forgiving, Most Merciful.
And All‚h drove back those who disbelieved in their rage, they gained
no advantage (booty, etc.). All‚h sufficed for the believers in the fighting
(by sending against the disbelievers a severe wind and troops of angels).
And All‚h is Ever All≠Strong, All≠Mighty.
And those of the people of the Scripture who backed them (the disbelievers)
All‚h brought them down from their forts and cast terror into their hearts,
(so that) a group (of them) you killed, and a group (of them) you made captives.
And He caused you to inherit their lands, and their houses, and their
riches, and a land which you had not trodden (before). And All‚h is Able to
do all things.
O Prophet (Muhammad )!
Say to your wives: If you desire the life of this world, and its glitter,
Then come! I will make a provision for you and set you free in a handsome
But if you desire All‚h and His Messenger, and the home of the Hereafter,
then verily, All‚h has prepared for Al≠Muhsin‚t (good≠doers) amongst
you an enormous reward.
O wives of the Prophet! Whoever of you commits an open illegal sexual
intercourse, the torment for her will be doubled, and that is ever easy for
And whosoever of you is obedient to All‚h and His Messenger
, and does righteous good deeds, We shall give her, her reward twice over,
and We have prepared for her Rizqan Karima (a noble provision Paradise).
O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep
your duty (to All‚h), then be not soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is
a disease (of hypocrisy, or evil desire for adultery, etc.) should be moved
with desire, but speak in an honourable manner.
And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the
times of ignorance, and perform As-Sal‚t (Iqam‚t≠as≠Sal‚t),
and give Zak‚t and obey All‚h and His Messenger. All‚h wishes only
to remove Ar≠Rijs (evil deeds and sins, etc.) from you, O members of
the family (of the Prophet ),
and to purify you with a thorough purification.
And remember (O you the members of the Prophet's family, the Graces of
your Lord), that which is recited in your houses of the Verses of All‚h and
Al≠Hikmah (i.e. Prophet's Sunnah legal ways, etc. so give your thanks
to All‚h and glorify His Praises for this Qur'an and the Sunnah). Verily,
All‚h is Ever Most Courteous, Well≠Acquainted with all things.
Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to All‚h in Isl‚m) men and women,
the believers men and women (who believe in Isl‚mic Monotheism), the men and
the women who are obedient (to All‚h), the men and women who are truthful
(in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient (in performing
all the duties which All‚h has ordered and in abstaining from all that All‚h
has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord All‚h),
the men and the women who give Sadaq‚t (i.e. Zak‚t, and alms,
etc.), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast) (the obligatory
fasting during the month of Ramad‚n, and the optional Naw‚fil fasting),
the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts)
and the men and the women who remember All‚h much with their hearts and tongues
(while sitting, standing, lying, etc. for more than 300 times extra over the
remembrance of All‚h during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or
praying extra additional Naw‚fil prayers of night in the last part
of night, etc.) All‚h has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward
It is not for a believer, man or woman, when All‚h and His Messenger have
decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever
disobeys All‚h and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error.
And (remember) when you said to him (Zaid bin H‚rithah; the freed≠slave
of the Prophet ) on
whom All‚h has bestowed Grace (by guiding him to Isl‚m) and you (O Muhammad
too) have done favour
(by manumitting him) "Keep your wife to yourself, and fear All‚h."
But you did hide in yourself (i.e. what All‚h has already made known to you
that He will give her to you in marriage) that which All‚h will make manifest,
you did fear the people (i.e., Muhammad
married the divorced wife of his manumitted slave) whereas All‚h had a better
right that you should fear Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire from
her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future)
there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of)
the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them
(i.e. they have divorced them). And All‚h's Command must be fulfilled.
There is no blame on the Prophet ()
in that which All‚h has made legal for him.That has been All‚h's Way with
those who have passed away of (the Prophets of) old. And the Command of All‚h
is a decree determined.
Those who convey the Message of All‚h and fear Him, and fear none save
All‚h. And Sufficient is All‚h as a Reckoner.
Muhammad () is
not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of All‚h and
the last (end) of the Prophets. And All‚h is Ever All≠Aware of everything.
O you who believe! Remember All‚h with much remembrance.
And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr)
and 'Asr prayers].
He it is Who sends Sal‚t (His blessings) on you, and His angels
too (ask All‚h to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness
(of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of Belief and Isl‚mic Monotheism).
And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers.
Their greeting on the Day they shall meet Him will be "Sal‚m:
Peace (i.e. the angels will say to them: Sal‚mu 'Alaikum)!" And
He has prepared for them a generous reward (i.e. Paradise).
O Prophet (MuhammadSAW )! Verily, We have sent you as witness,
and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner,
And as one who invites to All‚h [Isl‚mic Monotheism, i.e. to worship none
but All‚h (Alone)] by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading light (through your
instructions from the Qur'‚n and the Sunnah the legal ways of the Prophet
And announce to the believers (in the Oneness of All‚h and in His Messenger
Muhammad ) the glad
tidings, that they will have from All‚h a Great Bounty.
And obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and harm them not (till
you are ordered). And put your trust in All‚h, and Sufficient is All‚h as
a WakÓl (Trustee, or Disposer of affairs).
O you who believe! When you marry believing women, and then divorce them
before you have sexual intercourse with them, no 'Iddah [divorce prescribed
period, see (V.65:4)] have you to count in respect of them. So give them a
present, and set them free i.e. divorce, in a handsome manner.
O Prophet (Muhammad )!
Verily, We have made lawful to you your wives, to whom you have paid their
Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of
marriage), and those (captives or slaves) whom your right hand possesses -
whom All‚h has given to you, and the daughters of your 'Amm (paternal
uncles) and the daughters of your 'Ammah (paternal aunts) and the daughters
of your Kh‚l (maternal uncles) and the daughters of your Kh‚lah
(maternal aunts) who migrated (from Makkah) with you, and a believing woman
if she offers herself to the Prophet, and the Prophet wishes to marry her;
a privilege for you only, not for the (rest of) the believers. Indeed We know
what We have enjoined upon them about their wives and those (captives or slaves)
whom their right hands possess, - in order that there should be no difficulty
on you. And All‚h is Ever Oft≠Forgiving, Most Merciful.
You (O Muhammad )
can postpone (the turn of) whom you will of them (your wives), and you may
receive whom you will. And whomsoever you desire of those whom you have set
aside (her turn temporarily), it is no sin on you (to receive her again),
that is better; that they may be comforted and not grieved, and may all be
pleased with what you give them. All‚h knows what is in your hearts. And All‚h
is Ever All≠Knowing, Most Forbearing.
It is not lawful for you (to marry other) women after this, nor to change
them for other wives even though their beauty attracts you, except those (captives
or slaves) whom your right hand possesses. And All‚h is Ever a Watcher over
O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses, except when leave is
given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation.
But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse,
without sitting for a talk. Verily, such (behaviour) annoys the Prophet, and
he is shy of (asking) you (to go), but All‚h is not shy of (telling you) the
truth. And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind
a screen, that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And it is not
(right) for you that you should annoy All‚h's Messenger, nor that you should
ever marry his wives after him (his death). Verily! With All‚h that shall
be an enormity.
Whether you reveal anything or conceal it, verily, All‚h is Ever All≠Knower
It is no sin on them (the Prophet's wives, if they appear unveiled) before
their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their brother's sons,
or the sons of their sisters, or their own (believing) women, or their (female)
slaves, and keep your duty to All‚h. Verily, All‚h is Ever All≠Witness over
All‚h sends His Sal‚t (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy, etc.)
on the Prophet (Muhammad )
and also His angels too (ask All‚h to bless and forgive him). O you who believe!
Send your Sal‚t on (ask All‚h to bless) him (Muhammad
and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Isl‚mic way of greeting (salutation
i.e. As≠Sal‚mu 'Alaikum).
Verily, those who annoy All‚h and His Messenger ()
All‚h has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared
for them a humiliating torment.
And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear on themselves
the crime of slander and plain sin.
O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers
to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e.screen themselves
completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better,
that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed.
And All‚h is Ever Oft≠Forgiving, Most Merciful.
If the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease (evil desire
for adultery, etc.), and those who spread false news among the people in Al≠Madinah,
cease not, We shall certainly let you overpower them, then they will not be
able to stay in it as your neighbours but a little while.
Accursed, wherever found, they shall be seized and killed with a (terrible)
That was the Way of All‚h in the case of those who passed away of old,
and you will not find any change in the Way of All‚h.
People ask you concerning the Hour, say: "The knowledge of it is
with All‚h only. What do you know? It may be that the Hour is near!"
Verily, All‚h has cursed the disbelievers, and has prepared for them a
flaming Fire (Hell).
Wherein they will abide for ever, and they will find neither a WalÓ
(a protector) nor a helper.
On the Day when their faces will be turned over in the Fire, they will
say: "Oh, would that we had obeyed All‚h and obeyed the Messenger (Muhammad
And they will say: "Our Lord! Verily, we obeyed our chiefs and our
great ones, and they misled us from the (Right) Way.
Our Lord! give them double torment and curse them with a mighty curse!"
O you who believe! Be not like those who annoyed MŻsa (Moses), but All‚h
cleared him of that which they alleged, and he was honourable before All‚h.
O you who believe! Keep your duty to All‚h and fear Him, and speak (always)
He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you
your sins. And whosoever obeys All‚h and His Messenger ()
he has indeed achieved a great achievement (i.e. he will be saved from the
Hell-fire and made to enter Paradise).
Truly, We did offer Al≠Am‚nah (the trust or moral responsibility
or honesty and all the duties which All‚h has ordained) to the heavens and
the earth, and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid
of it (i.e. afraid of All‚h's Torment). But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust
(to himself) and ignorant (of its results).
that All‚h will punish the hypocrites, men and women, and the men and women
who are Al≠MushrikŻn (the polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers
in the Oneness of All‚h, and in His Messenger Muhammad
). And All‚h will pardon (accept the repentance of) the true believers of
the Isl‚mic Monotheism, men and women. And All‚h is Ever Oft≠Forgiving, Most