Recently Added
Hajj and Umrah

Is cosmetic surgery permissible?

All praises be to Allaah, Lord and Sustainer of the worlds, and may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and upon his family and companions.

Concerning cosmetic surgery two issues must be considered:

•  Aim of surgery

•  The procedure involved

Aim of surgery

1. If the aim of surgery is beautification or to improve appearance, then this is not permissible, because it is considered as changing the creation of Allaah. Allaah says: 

“They (all those who worship others than Allaah) invoke nothing but female deities besides Him (Allaah), and they invoke nothing but Shaytaan (Satan), a persistent rebel! Allaah cursed him. And he [Shaytaan (Satan)] said: ‘I will take an appointed portion of your slaves. Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allaah.'"

[al-Nisa' 4:117-119]

And Allaah says:

"And wish not for the things in which Allâh has made some of you to excel others."

[al-Nisa' 4:22]

And it was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas'ood said: "I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursing those women who pluck their eyebrows and file their teeth for the purpose of beautification and change the creation of Allaah."

(Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said about the person being pleased with Allah's decree:

“Whoever is pleased, He will be pleased with him; and whoever is displeased, His displeasure will be upon him.”

(Sunan al-Tirmidhi, 2396)

2. If the aim of surgery however is to correct a defect, such as that caused by an accident, injury or birth deformity, then this is insha-Allaah permissible. The scholars have used the evidence for this the report of Arfajah ibn As'ad in the Sunan.

It was narrated from ‘Arfajah ibn As'ad that he lost his nose in the battle of al-Kulaab during the Jaahiliyyah, so he wore a nose made of silver but it became putrid, so the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told him to wear a nose made of gold.

(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1770; Abu Dawood, 4232; al-Nasaa'i, 5161)

The procedure involved:

It is also important that one makes sure that the procedure involved:

•  Does not have anything unlawful e.g. using part of an animal's body which is haraam, such as a pig, or an animal killed or slaughtered not in accordance with Shari'ah, unless this is a life saving procedure.

•  Is not hazardous or harmful to the person.

•  Does not cause a degree of defect which outweighs the extent and difficulty faced due to the procedure itself. Therefore, it is not appropriate to take a major rather hazardous procedure, sometimes involving wasting of a lot of money, to correct a small defect about which a person is disproportionately conscious. Rather, a Muslim should recognize the importance of patience in such situations as Allaah says:

"And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-SâbirIn (the patient ones etc.). . Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: Truly! To Allâh we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.. They are those on whom are the Salawât (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones."

[Al-Baqarah 155-157]

We ask Allaah to help and guide us to do all that He is pleased with and his Peace and blessings be upon His last Prophet Muhammad.